No good quality evidence on how to manage juvenile idiopathic arthritis with temporomandibular joint involvement

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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), also known as juvenile chronic arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis affects a range of joints. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be the first and only affected joint. In the UK about 1 and 2 in every 10,000 children develop JIA each year. The prevalence of TMJ involvement in JIA patients ranges [read the full story...]

Antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery – SIGN Guideline 104

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The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network  (SIGN) has just launched their updated guideline on antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery.  SIGN’s first guideline of this topic (SIGN 45)  was published in 2000 and updated in 2008.  The guideline does not aim to provide every surgical speciality with a comprehensive text on preventing  surgical site infection (SSI), but rather [read the full story...]

Does vomer or palatal flap have less adverse effect on maxillary growth in cleft patients? – No good evidence available

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Cleft lip (CL) and cleft palate (CP) are common birth defects that affect around 1 in 700 children born.  Surgery to repair the palate is thought to affect maxillary growth. The vomer flap is assumed to cause less scarring and therefore have less impact on growth. The aim of this review was to investigate the [read the full story...]

Review finds good success rates with sialendoscopy for treating salivary gland obstruction

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About 50% of benign salivary gland disease results from obstructive sialadenitis. The majority of cases are seen in the submandibular gland (80-90%) with 10-15% in the parotid and  < 1% in the sublingual gland.  The aim of this review was to summarize the current literature and determine the efficacy and safety of sialendoscopy in the [read the full story...]

keratocystic odontogenic tumour recurrence rates

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The keratocystic odontogenic tumour (KCOT, odontogenic keratocyst (OKC)) was first described in the literature in 1956 and is classified by the World Health Organization classified as a benign odontogenic tumour. It is generally accepted that they arise from the remnants of the dental lamina and are benign but locally aggressive and tend to reoccur.  They [read the full story...]

Interventions for drooling in children with cerebral palsy

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Drooling is a common problem for children with cerebral palsy (CP). Drooling varies in severity and can be distressing for the children, families and caregivers. It can cause chapped or sore skin around the mouth and chin, skin and mouth infections, dehydration, difficulties chewing and a range of other social issues.  The main aim of [read the full story...]

Intrabony defects treated with conservative periodontal surgery show clinical improvements

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Periodontal bony lesions associated with deep pockets are frequent anatomical sequelae to periodontitis.  The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of conservative periodontal surgery (CS)  for the treatment of periodontitis-related intrabony defects. The authors searched the Cochrane Oral Health Group specialist trials, Medline and Embase databases and three leading periodontal journals.  [read the full story...]