Botulinum toxin for bruxism


Bruxism can be classified as primary (idiopatic) or secondary (iatrogenic).  While secondary bruxism is associated with medical conditions (e.g. neurologic, psychiatric, sleep disorders medication), primary bruxism ( which includes clenching and sleep bruxism ) is not. Dental treatments for bruxism include occlusion adjustment, tooth surface restoration, and orthodontic treatment. These interventions are extensive and irreversible and these are not recommended in most cases.  The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of botulinum toxins (BT) on bruxism.

A good search strategy for relevant studies appears to have been conducted with several databases being searched; PubMed, Embase and Science Citation Index, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials,  and SIGLE (System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe) with no language restriction.

Only four studies met the inclusion criteria, two  randomised controlled trials and two  controlled before-and-after studies.

The abstract indicates that the included studies show that BT injections

  • reduce the frequency of bruxism events,
  • decrease bruxism-induced pain levels and
  • satisfy patients’ self-assessment with regard to the effectiveness of BT on bruxism.
  • Compared with oral splint, BT are equally effective on bruxism.
  • BT injections at a dosage of <100U are safe for otherwise healthy patients.

They concluded

Botulinum toxin injections are effective on bruxism and are safe to use. Therefore, they can be used clinically for otherwise healthy patients with bruxism.

Long H, Liao Z, Wang Y, Liao L, Lai W. Efficacy of botulinum toxins on bruxism: an evidence-based review. Int Dent J. 2012 Feb;62(1):1-5. doi:10.1111/j.1875-595X.2011.00085.x. PubMed PMID: 22251031.


Only the abstract of this paper was available for review.  This gives limited information on inclusion and exclusion criteria and no information on whether the risk of bias was assessed for the included studies or the number of participants.

Related review

Macedo CR, Silva AB, Machado MAC, Saconato H, Prado GF. Occlusal splints for treating sleep bruxism (tooth grinding). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005514. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005514.pub2.


Share this post: Share on Facebook Tweet this on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on Google+ Share via email

Derek Richards

Derek Richards
Derek Richards is the Director of the Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry, Editor of the Evidence-based Dentistry Journal, Consultant in Dental Public Health with Forth Valley Health Board and Honorary Senior Lecturer at Dundee & Glasgow Dental Schools. He helped to establish both the Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry and the Evidence-based Dentistry Journal. In 2013 the Centre for Evidence-based Dentistry moved to the Dental Health Services Research Unit in Dundee. Derek has been involved with teaching EBD and a wide range of evidence-based initiatives both nationally and internationally since 1994.

More posts - Website

Follow me here –